Kompiuteris kalba

Šį antradienį buvau vaikų universitete, paskaitoje "Kaip kompiuteris prakalbo lietuviškai?". Nekantrauju su jumis pasidalinti įspūdžiais ir papasakoti, kaip gi tas mūsų draugas prakalbo....



Aklieji ir kompiuteris. Kaip aklieji rašo

Kai tik žmogus apanka, praranda galimybę naudotis kompiuteriu. Juk rašyti klaviatūra nematant turėtų būti neįmanoma, ką jau kalbėt apie monitorių ar pelę! Bet taip manydami jūs klystate. Aklieji tikrai gali naudotis kompiuteriu, ir tuojau aš jums tai įrodysiu!

Ar pastebėjote, kad klaviatūroje ant f ir j klavišų yra mažyčiai iškilimai? Tikriausiai ne kartą susimąstėte, kam gi jie reikalingi. Aš irgi susimąsčiau, ir kai išgirdau priežąstį, ji pasirodė labai paprasta! Ne, nuo ateivių iškilimai neapsaugo, jie reikalingi tam, kad nematantys gebėtų surasti reikiamus klavišus padėti pirštus. Padėti pirštus? Taip, padėti pirštus! Ant j, k ir l klavišų gula dešinės rankos smilius, didysis ir bevardis pirštai, mažylį paliekame spaudyti ženklams. Ant f, d, s, a klavišų dedame kairės rankos smilių, didijį, bevardį ir mažylį. Nykščius naudojame spausti tarpui. Ir štai, į google paiešką lengvai galime suvesti asd fjkl;. O kaip su kitom raidėm, ženklais? Kiekvienas pirštas turi savo "žemes" - jas galite matyti paveikslėlyje viršuje. Kiekvienas pirštas spaudo savo raideles, štai kaip aklieji rašo. Ar pavyks ir jums? Pabandykite parašyti kokį nors žodį, na, tarkime, jautis. Sunkoka, bet pavyko. O dabar nuo rašymo eikime prie naudojimosi monitorimi. Kaip juo naudotis, jei nematai?

Sintezatorius!

Balso sintezatorius! Štai kaip vadinasi tas stebuklingas dalykas, priverčiantis kompiuterį kalbėti! Ne, tai nėra įrašytas balsas. Na ir kas, kad kai kuriuose sintezatoriuose girdime mums gerai pažįstamus balsus, pavyzdžiui LNK žinių vedėjo Marijaus Žiedo. Sintezatoriaus tariami žodžiai visai nėra įrašyti. Tuo galite įsitikinti patys - į šį online sintezatorių http://www.garsiai.lt/kalbos-sinteze/ įrašykite kokį nors išgalvotą žodį, pavyzdžiui telefonukytebumas. Spaudžiame "Skaityk".  Vuolia! Kompiuteris tai ištarė! 
Bet toji programėlė gali tik skaityti. O juk akliesiems, norint pilnai naudotis kompiuteriu, nereikia tik skaityti. Jiems reikia pagalbininko, kuris pasakytų ką spausti ir pan. Tas pagalbininkas - sintezatorius akliesiems "Jaws". Jo veikimu įsitikino visi paskaitos dalyviai. "Jaws" - tikras pagalbininkas akliesiems. Silpnaregiai taip pat turi pagalbininką - programą "Magic". Tai nėra balso sintezatorius, bet "Magic" sugeba paryškinti ir padidinti vaizdą, kas reikalinga itin prastai matantiems žmonėms.

Pagalba

Balso sintezė ne tik padeda naudotis kompiuteriu akliesiems, ji padeda negalintiems kalbėti žmonėms bendrauti. Stivenas Hokingas yra vienas iš žinomiausių žmonių, naudojančių kalbos sintezatorių. Jį, įtaisytą invalido vežimėlyje, padovanojo draugai, kai šis Lou Gerihrigo liga sergantis fizikas, kosmologas po gerklės operacijos nebegalėjo kalbėti.

Ne tik neįgaliesiems

Sintezatoriumi gali naudotis ne tik neįgalūs žmonės. Iš jo naudos gali gauti ir sveiki žmonės! Pvz., mokiniui reikia išmokti eilėraštį. Mokinys nueis į http://www.studijos.lt/sintezatorius ir atsisiųs eilėraštį mp3 formatu. Argi nepatogu? Eini gatve ir girdi, kaip ausinėse skamba reikalingos eilės!




Paskaita

Paskaita man labai patiko. Kai išgirdau paskaitos pavadinimą, pamaniau, kad pasakos apie kompiuterių atsiradimą Lietuvoje ar pan., bet buvo visiškai kitaip! Renginį vedė dr. Pijus Kasparaitis, kuris pats prisidėjo prie daugelio lietuviškų kalbos sintezatorių kūrimo. Ir patikėkit - tikrai patarčiau nueiti į šią vaikų universiteto paskaitą, jei tik ji vyktų antrą kart ir būtų vietų! Manau ir pati ten eičiau...
Audrė






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