Kūno kalba


Turbūt daugelis esat girdėję apie kūno kalbą ir jos svarbą bendravime. Šiandien norėčiau į tai pažvelgti šiek tiek plačiau ir galbūt jus supažindinti su nežinomais dalykais :)

Kūno kalba
Taigi, pradėkim nuo išsiaiškinimo, kas yra kūno kalba. Kūno kalba - tai reiškinys, kuomet save fiziškai pateikiame aplinkiniams. Tai naudojama bendraujant. Taip pat turėčiau pridurti, kad žmogus gali pasiųsti 700 000 skirtingus kūno siganlus ir vien veidui priklauso 250 000.


Kokia kūno kalbos reikšmė bendravime
Pagal A. Mehrabian, bendravime didžiausią vaidmenį atlieka kūno kalba, po jos - intonacija, na, o mažiausiai reikšmę teikia... Nepatikėsit. Žodžiai! O dabar panagrinėkim tą didžiausią personažą - kūno kalbą.
 

Kūno kalbos ženklai

Teigiama kūno kalba
  • Akių kontaktas;
  • Pagarbus žvilgsnis;
  • Pasvirimas į priekį;
  • Tiesi laikysena;
  • Pakelta galva;
  • Linktelėjimas galva;
  • Atviri delnai;
  • Nuleistos rankos;
  • Kojos pečių plotyje.

Neigiama kūno kalba
  • Nuleistos akys;
  • Šokinėjantis žvilgsnis;
  • Žvilgsnis atgal;
  • Sukryžiuotos rankos;
  • Sugniaužti kumščiai;
  • Rankos už nugaros;
  • Rankos įremtos į šonus.
ŽVILGSNIS

Sakoma, kad akys - sielos veidrodis. Iš tiesų, akys visuomet pasako daugiau nei žodžiai. Taigi, ką išduoda akys ir kokia akių kontakto reikšmė mums. 

Psichologai skiria keletą žvilgsnio tipų:

Dalykinis (oficialus) žvilgsnis - į pašnekovo akis žiūrima įdėmiai, žvilgsnis tik retkarčiais atitraukiamas.Šis žvilgsnis tinka derybų metu, ką nors kritikuojant ir pan.;
Draugiškas (socialinis žvilgsnis) - bendraujant tokiu žvilgsniu, pirmenybė yra žmogaus veidui,o ne akims. Tai leidžia aiškiau pamatyti žmogaus mimikas;
Intymus žvilgsnis - šis žvilgsnis yra nesutelktas, slystantis. Dažnai jis vadinamas "išplaukusiu".
  


Akių kontakto funkcijos:
  • Parodo, kad mes atidžiai klausomės pašnekovo;
  • Rodo, kokias emocijas išgyvename: baimę, laimę, pyktį ir pan.;
  • Padeda patikrinti, kokį poveikį pašnekovui padarė mūsų ištarti žodžiai.
Akių vyzdžiai - minčių išdavikai

Intensyviai mąstau - jeigu užduosi draugui lengvą klausimą (pvz. kokios spalvos dangus?) jo akių vyzdžiai nė nepakis, tačiau jei užduosi sudėtingesnį klausimą, kuriame jis bus priverstas pagalvoti (pvz. kokios yra tinklinio taisyklės?), tuomet akių vyzdžiai iš karto išsiplės. Taigi, kuo žmogus intensyviau mąsto, tuo jo vyzdžiai labiau išsiplėtę.

Tu man patinki! - taigi taigi, dabar jau galite nuspręsti, ar patinkate priešingos lyties atstovui! Taip, tiesiog reikia įdėmiai stebėti jo vyzdžius, jeigu jie išsiplės, tai reiškia, kad jie yra seksualiai susidomėję jumis. 

Esu išsekęs/ pailsėjęs - tuomet, kai žmogus yra pavargęs - jo vyzdžiai būna susitraukę, o kai jis būna pailsėjęs - vyzdžiai išsiplėtę.

Man įdomu - pašnekovo susidomėjimą rodo jo vyzdžių dydis! Taigi, jeigu jūs įtariate, kad jūsų pašnekovui neįdomu apie ką jūs šnekate, galite tai patikrinti pažvelgę jam į akis. Jeigu jo vyzdžiai neišsiplėtę, deja, jūs teisus. 

Ar aš jam patinku?
Turbūt kiekviena esate susidūrusios su tokiu klausimu. Gal šie, keli požymiai, padės Tau atsakyti į šį klausimą?
  
  • Tu jį dažnai pastebi stovint "kaubojaus " pozoje (rankos ant klubų, nykščiai užkišti už kelnių kišenių arba diržo. Taip jis parodo savo vyriškumą);
  • Kvėpuodamas jis dažnai patraukia pečius atgal;
  • Jis žiūri į Tavo akis, tada - lūpas, o tada - vėl į akis;
  • Jis apseilėja savo lūpas (tai rodo, jog jis nori Tave pabučiuoti);
  • Kai šnekasi su Tavimi, jo vyzdžiai būna išsiplėtę (tai reiškia susidomėjimu Tavimi).




    Tiek šiam kartui, mielieji. Laukiu jūsų patarimų, pastabų ar šiaip klausimų (daliju nemokamus patarimus!:)) ) ČIA.

    P.S. Noriu pranešti, kad mano straipsniu išvysite retai.Turiu daug veiklos ir vismažiau laiko lieka geriems straipsniams, tačiau aš jūsų nepamiršiu!!

    Gero vakaro ;)



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