Psichologiniai tyrimai


Sveiki, mielieji!!! Šiandien norėčiau su jumis pasidalinti man pačiai įdomiais dalykais - psichologiniais tyrimais. Kai tik prisijungiau prie TD, minėjau, kad domiuosi psichologiniais dalykėliais, taigi, šiandien nusprendžiau jais pasidalinti ir su jumis :) Taigi, psichologiniai tyrimai, kurie galbūt sudomins ir jus. :)




Sportuok!!!
Mokslininkų komanda iš Pensilvanijos universiteto į tyrimą įtraukė 153 studentus (18-25m.), kuriame studentai turėjo pildyti dienoraštį. Taip pat, tiriamiesiems buvo pateikti klausimai, susiję su gyvenimo džiaugsmu, savęs vertinimu ir fiziniu aktyvumu. Tokio amžiaus žmonės buvo parinkti dėl to, kad juos lydi sunkūs ir kupini streso gyvenimo etapai : išsikraustymas iš tėvų namų, studijuojant prasidėjęs naujas gyvenimas, vėliau naujo darbo susiradimas ir šeimos kūrimas.
Tyrimo rezultatai patvirtino, kad tuomet, kai nesiseka, liūdna ir emocijas užvaldo pyktis, tereikia užsiimti aktyvia veikla ar mėgstamu sportu ir gyvenimo džiaugsmas vėl grįžta, mat tiems dalyviams, kurie užsiimė aktyvia fizinia veikla, taip ir nutiko. Taigi, pasitvirtina frazė, kad sportas gerai ne tik kūnui, bet ir sielai :)


Nuoširdumui reikia laiko arba kodėl žmonės meluoja
Turbūt ne paslaptis, kad kiekvienas esame daugiau ar mažiau melavęs. Galbūt tai darome iki šiol? Bet kas skatina mus taip elgtis? Tai išsiaiškinti padėjo Amsterdamo mokslinikai Shaulas Shalvio ir Orli Eldaro tyrimas. Kaip ankstesni tyrimai parodė - žmonės linkę meluoti tuomet, kai melą galima pateisinti. Bet kokiu atveju, iš pradžių siekiame patenkinti savo poreikius (gaila, ne visada tai darome teigiamai), taip pat, tyrimas parodė, kad dažnai meluojame dėl laiko trūkumo. Klausite kaip susijęs melas ir laikas? Atsakymas - anksčiau paminėtų mokslininkų atliktas tyrimas. Eksperimento dalyviai metė kauliuką, o mokslininkai nematė iškritusio kauliuko skaičiaus. Sąlygos buvo tokios - mesti kauliuką, mokslininkams pasakyti iškritusį skaičių, o kuo didesnis skaičius, tuo išloštų pinigų suma didesnė. Viena grupė žmonių turėjo pasakyti skaičių per 20 sekundžių, o kiti nebuvo skubinami.
Tyrimo rezultatai parodė, jog laiko spaudžiami žmonės melavo daug dažniau nei kiti dalyviai. Taigi, jeigu nori sužinoti tiesą iš pašnekovo, neskubink jo ir leisk jam pagalvoti. :)



Meilė skatina smalsumą arba kam reikalingi saugūs santykiai
Vieni tyrimai parodė, kad tvirti ir pozityvūs santykiai skatina norą tyrinėti ir išbandyti naujus dalykus. Puikus pavizdys - kūdikis. Jeigu jis pasitiki savo mama ir žino, kad ji reaguos į jo poreikius teigiamai, mėgsta ir nebijo žaisti su naujais žaislais. O mažylis, kurio santykiai su mama ne tokie saugūs, paprastai renkasi jau išbandytus ir žinomus žaislus. Tačiau toks elgesys pasirodo ne tik vaikystėje. Tai įrodo Michelle'ės Luke tyrimas. Jo dalyviai, kurie galvojo apie pozityvius ryšius, dažniau sutiko išbandyti naujus dalykus, pavyzdžiui: keliauti, studijuoti užsienyje, nei dalyviai, galvoję apie neigiamus santykius. Mokslininkės teigimu, žmonių, kurių santykiai nesaugūs, poreikia yra nepatenkinami, taigi, jie deda daug energijos šiai emociniai problemai spręsti, o tai sekina, todėl nebėra laiko ir noro smalsauti bei išbandyti naujus dalykus.



Juokas
Oksfordo universiteto mokslininkas R.Danbar nustatė, kad juokas didina endorfinų (natūralių mūsų organizmo opiatų) kiekį smegenyse, o tai, manoma, socialinius ryšius. Tik jokiais būdais nemaišykite juoko "su kažkuo" ir juoko "iš kažko" - tai du labai skirtingi dalykai. Juokimasis iš kažko gali paskatinti išjuoktąjį pasipriešinti visuomenei ar atsiskirti nuo aplinkinių.
R.Provainas nustatė, kad vyrai vidutiniškai labiau linkę juokauti nei moterys, o jo atlikta pažinčių skelbimų analizė rodo, kad moterys paprastai ieško žmogaus, su geru humoro jausmu, o vyrai jį siūlo. Tai verčia manyti, kad sugebėjimas priversti kitus nusijuokti bent iš dalie išsivystė seksualinės atrankos keliu.





Įdomu

Ką žmonės, perskaitę kažkieno biografiją, labiausiai įsidemi ir atsimena?
69% - darbą;
68% - pomėgius;
62% - gimimo vietą;
31% - vardą;
30% - pavardę.

19 - vidutiniškai tiek kartų per dieną vyrai pagalvoja apie seksą.
15 - vidutiniškai tiek kartų per dieną moterys pagalvoja apie maistą.
15 % - tiek ilgiau sportuotumėte, jeigu klausytumėte greitos ir energingos muzikos.
59 % - tiek merginų, kurios paauglystėje laikė save apkūniomis, suaugusios iš tikrųjų priauga svorio.

Tiek šiam kartui. Jeigu sudomino, tokių straipsnių apie tyrimus galėčiau paskelbti daugiau ;) Savo pasiūlymus galite teikti čia Geros jums dienos!

27 PAKOMENTAVO

  1. Man labai patiko! Pati mėgstu paskaitinėti apie psichologiją,bet šito dar nežinojau.Norėčiau daugiau tokių straipsnių.Ačiū! :)

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  2. Pastebėjau klaidelių. Siūlau dar kartą peržvelgti straipsnį ir jas ištaisyti.
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  3. Man irgi buvo labai įdomu. Net nežinojau to! Ačiū už įdomų straipsnį ;)

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